Running or doing anything with your hands free is a game changer, and dependability is key when recreating in the dark.
Light yourself as well as others using headlamps. Reflective apparel is great. Safety vests work, but long-distance runners find them hefty.
After visibility, ice road falls are next. Trail spikes are harmful on snowy roadways.
Pepper spray is inconvenient until you need it. The strap keeps this palm-sized pepper spray in your hand and ready to use
If you've ever been attacked—or merely scared—you know it's hard to speak, let alone ask for help.
Despite the best preparation and protection, things may go wrong. My acquaintance was seriously hurt on a 50-mile charity bike ride last spring.